5 Types of Neuropathy

Types of Neuropathy

Neuropathy has become a widespread condition. The condition can affect any part of the nervous system, including your nerves. It occurs when nerve cells in your body start to die. Glen Rock neuropathy can cause pain, numbness, tingling, burning, or skin changes.

The nerves are the connections between muscles and other parts of the body. When they become damaged or diseased, neuropathy develops. Direct injury to nerves or the nerve fibers themselves can also cause neuropathy. For example, if you have a spinal cord injury, you may experience neuropathic symptoms due to damage to your spinal cord. It may also occur as part of a severe condition such as Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis (MS).

Some people have more than one type of neuropathy at a time. The most common forms of neuropathy are:

1.                  Motor neuropathy

Motor neuropathy involves injury or damage to your motor nerves. These are the nerves that control movement. The nerves supply feeling to your muscles. It often affects the legs of the patient before spreading to the arms and smaller muscles. This condition can also affect any part of your body.

2.                  Sensory neuropathy

When sensory nerves responsible for carrying information about pain, temperature, and touch from vital internal organs or the surface of your skin to the brain’s somatosensory cortex suffer damage, sensory neuropathy will occur. Sensory neuropathy could occur if you have diabetes or have been exposed to toxic chemicals like solvents or pesticides. You may experience numbness, tingling, or burning sensations in an affected area before these symptoms spread throughout your body.

3.                  Autonomic neuropathies

These types of neuropathies affect your nervous system’s ability to regulate your heart rate and other vital functions for your well-being. Autonomic nerves control your heart rate, blood pressure, and other crucial tasks for your well-being. People with autonomic neuropathy may experience paralysis, fainting, or weakness. Examples of autonomic neuropathies include postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome and diabetic autonomic neuropathy.

4.                  Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy occurs due to damage to sensory nerves found around your spinal cord. When the peripheral nerves supplying feelings to your arms are damaged, you may suffer this type of neuropathy. Symptoms may include numbness or tingling in one or both hands and, or foot, loss of sensation, weakness, and muscle wasting in the affected area.

5.                  Central neuropathy

Central neuropathy is due to nerve fiber damage at the origin point. Most cases of this type of neuropathy result from irritation of nerves due to toxins, injury, or medical procedures. The symptoms include numbness and tingling in small areas of the body, weakness, muscle cramping, and burning pain in the feet or legs. When suffering from central neuropathy, you might experience pain in the legs or feet, weakness in the legs, changes in sensation such as tingling or numbness, or difficulty with movements.

Leaving with neuropathy can be a harrowing experience. Whether you are among 23-30% of adults affected by this condition or want to help a loved one, you can always seek help from Progressive Spine & Sports Medicine specialists. 

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